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Grapes

Glosary
Grape Name   Colour Regions Description
Alfrocheiro
Preto
alfrocheiro_preto Red Dão & Alentejo The grape is known for the deep colouring it can add to wine blends. Alfrocheiro Preto is also known under the synonyms Albarin Negro, Alfrocheiro, Alfurcheiro, Tinta Bastardinha, and Tinta Francisca de Viseu.
Alicante
Bouschet
alicante_bouschet Red Alentejo, Borba Alicante Bouschet or Alicante Henri Bouschet is a wine grape variety that has been widely cultivated since 1866. It is a cross of Petit Bouschet and Grenache. Alicante is a teinturier, a grape with red flesh. Its deep colour makes it useful for blending with light red wine.
Alvaraca   White Douro -
Alvarelhão alvarelhao Red Douro & Minho High quality red grape variety recommended for the Monção sub-region of the Vinhos Verdes Demarcated Region where it is intensively cultivated. Less productive, it produces ruby to light ruby colour wines with a delicate aroma, harmonious and flavourous. Known as Brancelhão in Monção and as Alvarelhão in the South of the Minho region and in the Douro region.
Alvarinho alvarinho White Minho, Monção & Melgaço DOC Alvarinho is grown in Galicia, northwest Spain and in Monção and Melgaço, northwest Portugal, where it is used to make varietal white wines. It was presumably brought to Iberia by Cluny monks in the twelfth century. Its name "Alba-Riño" means "the white [wine] from the Rhine" and it has locally been thought to be a Riesling clone originating from the Alsace region of France.
Antão Vaz antao_vaz White Alentejo, Vidigueira Antão Vaz is one of the most important grape varieties of Alentejo. Originally from Vidigueira, in the south of Alentejo, it is very resistant to drought and diseases. This grape variety has medium-sized bunches with small, uniform, yellowish green berries, which turn yellow at the end of ripening. Wines produced by Antão Vaz are very aromatic (mostly with aromas of tropical fruit) and usually citrine coloured.
Aragonez Aragonez Red

Alentejo, Dão, Douro, Lisboa, Setúbal & Tejo

Aragonez is one of the most famous grape varieties of the Iberian Peninsula. It is originally from Spain, where it goes by the name "Tempranillo", being also known as Tinta Roriz in the Douro region. As this grape variety easily adapts to different climates and soils, its cultivation has been spread to Dão, Tejo and Lisboa. In order for the Aragonez qualities to be excellent, its production has to be controlled. Ideal are sandy and carbonate-clayey soils in hot and dry climates, to make the production lower and the berries more concentrated. This grape variety produces wines with high alcohol content and low acidity, ideal for ageing, as they are very resistant to rust.
Aramont   Red Douro -
Arinto arinto White Bairrada, Borba, Bucelas, Carcavelos, Dão, Douro, Portalegre, Setúbal & Vinho Verde This makes steely, high acid whites that age well. Although blended with other grapes, it makes good, lemony, mineral white that gain complexity with age. Found in many areas of Portugal.
Avesso avesso White Douro & Minho High quality white grape variety, recommended for the Vinho Verde sub-regions of Baião, Cinfães and Resende. Productive and rustic, this grape variety produces wines with a strong aroma, well balanced and flavourous.
Azal Branco azal_branco White Minho Medium quality white grape variety, recommended for the Vinho Verde sub-regions of Basto, Penafiel and Amarante. Very productive and rustic, it produces wines with a delicate and intense aroma, slightly acid and fruity. Portuguese plantations are around 5,100 hectares (13,000 acres), which makes it the second-most planted grape variety of Minho, after Loureiro.
Azal Tinto azal_tinto Red Minho High quality red grape variety, recommended for the areas of the Vinho Verde region, where it is intensively cultivated; less productive and rustic, it produces ruby colour wines with an undefined aroma, slightly acid and full-bodied.
Baga baga Red Bairrada & Portalegre Baga is the main red grape variety of Bairrada, being also grown in Dão, Lisboa and in some areas of Tejo. It is of high production and has late-ripening bunches made up of small berries. In clayey soils with good exposure to sunlight, this grape variety can ripen adequately and produce very dark wines, rich in aromas, capable of ageing in bottle for many years. In fertile soils, where there is a high production of bunches, the ripening of the grape becomes harder.
Barcelo   White Dão White grape variety recommended in the region of Dão (Portugal). Also used in other portuguese regions.
Barrete de
Padre
  Red Madeira -
Bastardo bastardo Red Douro & Madeira An old variety of red wine grape. It is grown in small amounts in many parts of Western Europe; most famously it is used in Port and Madeira fortified wine. It makes deep cherry red wines with high alcohol and flavours of red berry fruits.
Batoca batoca White Minho Medium quality grape variety, authorised in almost the entire Demarcated Region, except for the Monção, Lima and Amarante sub-regions. Very productive, although irregular due to its susceptibility to cryptogamic diseases and rustic, it produces wines with undefined aromas, smooth, but without quality.
Bical bical White Beiras Bical is a white Portuguese wine grape planted primarily in the Bairrada region. It can produce high acid wines and is often used in sparkling wine production.
Boal boal White Madeira Known as Malvasia Fina on the main land, Boal/Bual produces moderate acidity wines, with delicate and not very complex aromas and flavours. This grape variety is regularly produced and has medium-sized bunches and berries.
Borraçal borracal Red Minho High quality red grape variety recommended for the entire Vinhos Verdes Demarcated Region, except for the Monção sub-region, being largely diffused. Productive and rustic, this grape variety produces ruby colour wines with an intense aroma, well-balanced, harmonious and flavourous.
Brancelho   Red Minho High quality red grape variety recommended for the Monção sub-region where it is intensively cultivated. Less productive, it produces ruby to light ruby colour wines with a delicate aroma, harmonious and flavourous.
Branco
Especial
  White Douro -
Branco sem
Nome
  White Douro -
Camarate   Red Bairrada Red variety recommended in the West region. Also appear in the Tejo region.
Canica   Red Madeira -
Caramela   White Douro -
Carao de
Moca
  White Madeira -
Carinhana carinhana Red Douro Known in France as Carignan is a red wine grape that may have originated in Cariñena, Aragon and also later transplanted to Sardinia, elsewhere in Italy, France, Algeria, and much of the New World.
Carrega
Branco
  White Douro -
Carrega
Tinto
  Red Douro -
Casal   White Minho -
Casculho   Red Douro -
Castelão castelao Red Alentejo & Setubal Castelão is one of the grape varieties most cultivated in the south of Portugal, particularly in the area of the Península de Setúbal. It has had many names throughout times: João de Santarém, Castelão Francês and the popularly spread Periquita. Castelão develops best in hot climates and sandy and dry soils. Wines produced by this grape variety are concentrated, aromatic (raspberry and gooseberry) and have good ageing potential. The Peninsula de Setúbal region produces the best wines from this grape variety.
Cercial   White Bairrada, Dão & Douro -
Côdega roupeiro White Douro

Confusingly enough Côdega is know as Alva in the north or Alentejo, as Roupeiro in the south Alentejo and Síria everywhere else. Best known for the honeyed whites it produces.

Complexa   Red Madeira Used in the production of Madeira. The grape was created as a crossing of Castelao, Muscat Hamburg and Tintinha in the 1960s. The grape provides a deep colour with less tannins than the commonly used Tinta Negra Mole.
Concieira   Red Douro -
Cornifesto cornifesto Red Douro Used in Port production it is considered a minor grape that is usually used to make lighter bodied wines.
Crato Preto   White Lisboa & Algarve -
Diagalves   White Alentejo, Tejo & Beirras Authorised white variety of the Beira Interior, also present in the Alentejo and Tejo regions.
Donzelinho
Branco
  White Douro Variety of grape cultivated in the Douro found in the production of Port wines.
Donzelinho
Tinto
  Red Douro Variety of grape cultivated in the Douro found in the production of Port wines.
Douradinha   White Minho White grape variety authorized in the Minho.
Encruzado encruzado White Dão The growth of the grape varietal Encruzado is practically exclusive from the Dão area, being probably the best white grape varietal planted in the region. It's used in the production of the majority of the white wines, both blends and monovarietal wines. It has a good production and is very well-balanced in sugar and acidity levels. The wines composed of this grape varietal are very aromatic and very strong flavoured. They present an out of the ordinary longevity, since they may be kept bottled for long periods of time.
Espadeiro espadeiro Red Minho, Bairrada
& Lisboa
High quality red grape variety, recommended for almost the entire Demarcated Region, except for the Monção sub-region and the more southern area. Very productive and rustic, it produces light ruby to ruby colour wines with a grape aroma and flavour with some acidity.
Feral   Red Madeira -
Fernão
Pires
fernao_pires White Beiras, Alentejo & Setúbal Grown throughout Portugal but most notable in the Tejo and Bairrada where it is also known as "Maria Gomes". This varietal is known to produce wines with a spicy aromatic character, though often with delicate exotic fruity notes. Generally not expected to be a long-living wine, this wine is best drunk in its infancy or matured for up to 2 or 3 years.
Folgasão   White Douro & Madeira ( see Malvasia da Trincheira)
Formosa   White Douro -
Galego
Dourado
  White Lisboa & Alentejo -
Gonçalo
Pires
  White Douro & Minho -
Gouveio gouveio White Douro Part of the cocktail that make exciting dry whites in the Douro, also called Verdelho.
Grangeal   Red Douro -
Jacquet   Red Madeira Hybrid of a red grape still cultivated in Madeira island.
Jaen jaen Red Beiras, Bairrada & Dão The Portuguese name for the Spanish grape Mencía which traditionally make light, pale, relatively fragrant red wines for early consumption.
Jampal   White Douro & Lisboa The grapes have thick skins, which does well in the wet maritime climate, but it can also impart some astringency and slight bitterness even with the briefest of skin contact during production due to the high proportion of polyphenols in the skin.
Labrusco   Red Minho -
Lameiro   White Minho -
Listrão   White Douro & Madeira -
Loureiro loueiro White Minho High quality white grape variety, recommended for almost the entire Demarcated Region, except for the Basto and Amarante sub-regions. Increasing in use, it originated from Ribeira-Lima. Highly productive, this grape variety produces wines with a distinctive aroma, harmonious and flavourous.
Malvasia
Cândida
  White Madeira Malvasia Candida (different from the variety known as Malvasia di Candia) has been historically grown on the island of Madeira being used to produce the sweetest style of Madeira wine known Malmsey.
Malvasia
Fina
malvasia_fina White Dão & Douro The Malvasia Fina is one of the oldest white wine grape varieties, which delivers full-bodied dry to sweet wines with ripe nutty tones. In Portugal, this grape is most commonly blended with other white grapes to produce white Ports but also can been found in Douro table wines.
Malvasia
Rei
  White Beiras, Douro & Lisboa Malvasia Rei is believed to be the Palomino grown in Spain for Sherry production which may be related to the Malvasia family
Malvasia
Corada
  White Douro Malvasia Corada is a synonym used in the Douro for an obscure white wine grape variety known as Vital that may or may not be related to true Malvasia.
Malvasia
Preta
    Douro, Setúbal & Távora-Varosa -
Malvasia da
Trincheira
  White Douro Malvasia da Trincheira is a synonym used in the Douro for the white Port grape Folgasão that may or may not be related to true Malvasia.
Manteudo   White Alentejo A relatively neutral, high yielding white widely used in the Alentejo.
Maria
Gomes
fernao_pires White Beiras Also known as Fernão Pires his aromatic grape makes it onto the most-planted list in some regions. It often exhibits a slightly muscatty, floral character if well balanced with acidity.
Marufo   Red Douro Found in Port production.
Moreto   Red Alentejo Algarve & Douro Red variety cultivated in the South of Portugal (Alentejo, Algarve). Gives wines with a characteristic aroma of nuts.
Moscatel de
Setúbal
moscatel White Madeira & Setúbal Moscatel is originally from the Middle East and is likely to have been introduced in Portugal during the Roman Empire. Throughout the centuries, this grape variety went through many changes and, nowadays, there are three varieties of Moscatel in Portugal. Moscatel de Setúbal is the most planted variety and its production is centred in the Península de Setúbal, where the warm weather allows the optimum ripening of the berries. This grape variety is essential for the production of the fortified wine “Moscatel de Setúbal”. However, is it also used to aromatically enrich other of the region’s white wines, since it is a primary grape variety (has a strong influence on the wines’ taste and aroma).
Moscatel
Galego
Branco
  White Douro In the Douro region, in the area of Favaios and Alijó, is grown the white variety of Moscatel Galego used in the production of a dessert wine.
Moscatel
Roxo
moscatel_roxo Red Setúbal A red version of Moscatel de Setúbal
Mourisco   Red Douro One of the red varieties used to elaborate Port wine. Although it does'nt possess much pigment, it gives a wine firm structure (fine and elegant) and resistence to ageing.
Negra Mole   Red Madeira It is the most widely planted variety on the island of Madeira and is considered the industry's "workhorse grape"
Nevoeira   Red Douro Red
Padeiro padeiro Red Minho Medium quality red grape variety, authorised in almost the entire Demarcated Region, except for the Monção sub-region and the more southern areas. Highly productive, it produces ruby to garnet-red colour with a distinctive aroma and harmonious taste.
Patorra   Red Douro High quality red grape variety, recommended for the Monção sub-region, where it is more intensively cultivated. Productive and rustic, this grape variety produces light ruby to ruby colour, fragrant and harmonious wines.
Pedernã arinto White   High quality white variety, recommended for the entire Demarcated Region except for the Monção sub-region. It's use is expanding, it came originally from the region's inland areas. Highly productive it produces fragrant, well-balanced and harmonious wines.
Pedral pedral Red Minho High quality red grape variety, recommended for the Monção sub-region, where it is more intensively cultivated. Productive and rustic, this grape variety produces light ruby to ruby colour, fragrant and harmonious wines.
Periquita Perquita Red Alentejo,Algarve & Douro Also known as Castelão and João de Santarém, is a red wine grape found primarily in the south coastal regions but is grown all over Portugal and is sometimes used in Port wine production. The name is derived from the Portuguese term for parakeet. The vine thrives in sandy soils but is able to adapt to a variety of conditions.
Perrum   White Alentejo -
Pintosa pintosa White Minho Medium quality white grape variety, authorised in the Lima and Braga sub-regions. Very productive, although irregular due to its susceptibility to cryptogamic diseases and rustic, it produces wines with undefined aromas and flavour.
Praca   White Douro -
Preto
Martinho
  Red Douro, Lisboa -
Rabigato   White Douro A high yielding white used for bulk rather than quality.
Rabo de
Anho
  Red Minho Medium quality red grape variety, recommended for the Basto sub-region, where it is more intensively cultivated and representative. Highly productive and rustic, this grape variety produces characterless, ruby colour wines.
Rabo de
Ovelha
rabo_de_ovelha White Bairrada, Borba, Bucelas, Redondo, Reguengos, Setúbal and Vidigueira It should not be confused with the red Rabo de Anho grape variety that is found in the Minho region. Rabo de Ovelha is an authorised grape variety in the Bairrada, Borba, Bucelas, Redondo, Reguengos, Setúbal and Vidigueira Denominação de Origem Controlada (DOC). The grape variety gets it name from the way its grape bunches resembles the end of a ewe's tail. In winemaking, Rabo de Ovelha is known for producing highly alcoholic wines.
Ramisco   Red Colares