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Glossary

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glosary
Acerbo Vinegary A vinegary wine with an excessive astringency, which gives it a sour, rough taste.
Açúcar Sugar The juice from a grape contains two simple sugars, glucose and fructose, which are transformed into alcohol during fermentation. However, a small portion of these sugars remain in the wine after completiona and is known as residual sugar.
Adega Winery  
Adamado Dominated A term which describes a sweet wine.
Adstringente Astringnet The term "astringnet" is used when the sensation caused by the existing tannin in wine makes the mucous membranes of the mouth twitch. When the taster tries to control the twitching they give the impression of chewing the wine.
Agressivo Aggressive This is what is said of a wine that assults the palate with an excessive acidity or tannin.
Agreste Rustic A term used for wine with strong acidic characteristics.
Alfrocheiro Grape Variety Grape used in the Alentejo, Bairrada, Tejo, and Beiras to add colour to their wines.
Alvarinho Grape Variety Known as Albariño in Spain, popular in the Minho/Vinho Verde region, especially in the Monção & Melgaço sub region.
Amargo Bitter A term used for both the elementary taste and also the diseased taste of wine.
Aragonéz Grape Variety Known in Spain as Tempranillo, also known as Tinto Roriz used mainly in the Alentejo
Arinto Grape Variety This grape produces high acid white wine, found in various areas, also known as Padernã in the Minho.
Adega Winery A vinegary wine with an excessive astringency, which gives it a sour, rough taste.
Aroma Aroma "Aroma" is the designation for the smell of the wine that is perceived by the right nasal route, or retro-nasal whilst the wine is in the mouth. In this case, the wine is enjoyed not only for the aroma but also for the taste and the set of these sensations are known as"wine tasting"
Aromático Aromatic This is an almost exclusive feature of fruity wines that exude average intensity aromas.
Avesso Grape Variety White grape used in Vinho Verde wines, also known as Jaén Blanco.
Aveludado Velvety This is the name given to a wine that leaves a feeling of great softness in your mouth.
Azal Grape Variety Grape found in both a Red and a White version, used for acidity.

Baga

Grape Variety The main grape of the Barriada region of Portugal. Also grown in the Dão and Ribatejo regions. Known for its high acidity and tannins, it produces wines capable of aging well.
Barcelo Grape Variety This grape produces white wines that are fairly robust, fruity with a hint of lemon. The rosé ranges in colour and are fresh and fruity. Sparkling wines are produced in white and rosé and range from "Brut" to "Medium Dry".
Bastardo Grape Variety A grape used in the production of Port wine, prized for its high sugar levels. It is also being experimented with on a small scale to make table wines.
Boal Grape Variety Name given to many different Portuguese grapes. On the island of Madeira it goes by Bual and is used in the wines of that region.
Borrado das Moscas Grape Variety In the Dão region, this white grape is known as Bical. It has good acidity and is used in both table and sparkling wines.
Branco White White wine.
Brilhante Bright This is the term used for a clear wine that seems luminous/bright.
Cansado Tired Wines take to and favour rest, otherwise known as aging. Operations like bottling tires the wine making it momentarily lose some qualities.
Cerceal Grape Variety This grape is also known as Sercial when found in Madeira. It produces the heavy whites of the Dão.
Capitoso Heady This is the term used for wine rich in alcohol and generally "goes directly to the head".
Casta Varietal Grape varity.
Chato Boring This grape is also known as Sercial when found in Madeira. It produces the heavy whites of the Dão.
Colheita Harvest Wines made from a single harvest..
Completo Complete This is said of a wine that combines all qualities in perfect harmony.
Cor Colour All wine displays a varied colour palette that mirrors important aspects of its characterisation. In red wines, for example, a blue colour reveals a young wine, whilst the presence of yellow tones is a sign of aging.
Corpo Body This is said of a wine that is high in alcohol, bearing character, strong flavour and also fills the mouth.
Espadeiro Grape Variety This red grape found in the Vinho Verde region along with areas of the Riaxs Biaxas in Spain. It tends to have high production levels with low sugar levels.
Equilibrado Balanced This is a wine in which the different elements, such as acidity, sugar, alcohol, etc… exist in correct proportions.
Espumante Sparkling wine  
Fernão Pires Grape Variety A white grape variety found in the Ribatejo, where it can produce nice oak aged and botrytized wines. Also known as Maria Gomes where it is found widely planted in the Bairrada region.
Fino Fine The term used to describe wines with a delicate taste and subtle scent. These wines are always of superior quality.
Franco

Frank

The term used for wines that cause crisp and pleasant taste and olfactory sensations.

Fresco Cool A "cool" wine usually denotes a young wine that reflects it's qualities  through a pleasant sensation of freshness.
Frutado Fruity A wine that has the aroma and taste of fresh fruit. This term applies especially to young wines.
Garrafeira Aged The term used for wines that cause crisp and pleasant taste and olfactory sensationsA reserva red wine aged at least two years in a barrel and one year in a bottle; a white wine aged at least six months in a barrel and six months in a bottle.
Generoso Generous Rich in alcohol, which causes pleasant feelings of well-being.
Gordo Fat This is the term used to describe a greasy wine that slides easily down the throat due to its high content of glycerin.
Jovem Young Many wines should be drunk young, when they are more lively and have a fruity aroma and flavour. The vast majority of white wines and a considerable amount of reds should be drunk within their first five years.
Limpidez Clarity This is a quality that the consumer particularly appreciates but that presents the producer with a difficult problem to solve because each necessary operation that guarantess this desired clarity also makes the wine lose some of its aroma and bouquet.
Loureiro Grape Variety Some say laurel scented, this white grape can be found of both sides of the northern border of Spain and Portugal.
Malvasia Grape Variety Widely used name for a variety of grapes grown throughout Europe. In Spain, it can be found in Buçaco and Colares.
Maduro Mature Opposite to verde, mature wines are Portuguese wines produced in all regions except the ones produced in Vinho Verde region; due to this, the term "maduro" rarely appears on bottlesterm used for wines that cause crisp and pleasant taste and olfactory sensations.
Moreto Grape Variety Undistinguished red grape mainly planted in the Alentejo.
Moscatel de Setúbal Grape Variety/Wine Type Moscatel, the Portuguese name for Muscat. Used mainly for the sweet wines of Setúbal though can produce nice dry versions. Very fragrant and can be found with skin colour of gold to rose, to black. Very versatile and grown widely throughout the world.
Mourisco Tinto Grape Variety One of the lesser Port wine grape varieties, known for making palish tart table wines when used as a mono-cast.
Paderná Grape Variety See Arinto.
Periquita Grape Variety Portuguese word for Parakeet, this is a synonym for the grape Mortágua.
Persistente Persistent Used to describe a wine that remains pleasantly on the taste sensations. It is generally an excellent wine.

Pleno

Full Describes a harmonious wine that is well balanced, rich in alcohol and pleasantly full-bodied. It is always a fine wine.
Quinta Ranch of quality In wine terms producers are permitted to use this expresion if their wines are entitled to a DOC designation. The term Quinta can be used by any farm producing a product of quality. The French equivalent of this term is "chateau" and "domaine".
Ramisco Grape Variety Red grape variety from the Colares region where due to sandy soils it does not need to be grafted to prevent Phylloxera damage.
Redondo Rounded A rounded wine is one that is harmonious and has enough richness in alcohol and glycerin, however without excessive acidity. It is always an excellent wine..
Reserva

Reserva

Superior quality wine of a single vintage which has experienced aging in barrel, usually french or american oak, or in bottle.
Robusto Robust A wine that is robust gives the impression of being imposing, vigorous, rich in alcohol and which fills the mouth.
Rolha Corky Portugal is the worlds largest producer of cork and it's wines use cork stoppers extensively, but in most cases the finest quality and corked wines are rare.
Rosado Rosé Portuguese Rosés are reknown for being aromatic and fruity.
Rufete Grape Variety Early ripening red grape vine used in Port production. Also used in the Spanish region of Salamanca.
Séco Dry A wine can be considered dry if sugar levels are less than 50 grammes per Litre, 1 gramme per cm2.
Tinta Amarela Grape Variety Red grape varietal used in Port wine production, though vines are also found in the Dão.
Tinta Roriz Grape Variety Used extensively in the Douro, also in the Alentejo where it's known as Arogonéz, the spanish call it Tempranillo.
Tinto Red Wine The term Tinto means Red in wine terms but can't be used when describing other objects that are red.
Tinto Barroca Grape Variety Strong and resilient Port grape that does well in the Douro and can withstand if not flourish in arid conditions.
Tinto Cão Grape Variety One of the top 5 Port grapes producing spicy light coloured must.
Touriga Francesa Grape Variety One of the top 5 port grapes, the juice is notable for it's floral aromas.
Touriga Nacional Grape Variety The most favoured Portuguese grape, it's vines produce small berries and have relatively low yields which can make Touriga Nacional single variety wines quite expensive. Prized for it's high quality juicewhiche is rich, very aromatic, concentrated & complex. Ages very well.
Trajadura Grape Variety White grape that adds body and alcohol to the wines of Vinho Verde.
Velho Old In general wines are considered to be "old" wines when their age is between 5 and 15 years old. Ageing decreases the roughness of the wine and releases the bouquet.
Verde Green It's a common belief that Vinho Verde is called green because of it's inmaturity, however white Vinho Verdes do exhibit green tinges.
Verdelho Grape Variety White grape grown on the Island of Madeira and a component in those wines. May be relative of Gouveio found in the Douro region.
Verdelho Tinto Grape Variety A darker skin version of Verdelho.
Vinho Verde Green Wine Wine from the north of Portugal meaning "green wine" that for the most part is white but also has red varieties. It is mainly straw in colour but some have a suggestion of slight green. They classify as a semi-sparkling wine and have a slightly biting or prickling quality and a refreshing twang. The vines are kept clear of the ground by being draped on trees or specially constructed trellises. These wines traditionally have a lower alcohol content but newer brands who look to foreign markets producer wines with higher alcahol.
Viosinho Grape Variety Crisp white wine producing grape grown in the Douro and Trás-de-Montes regions.
V.Q.P.R.D. Grape Variety This is a classification which must meet European quality wine standards and means "Quality Wine Produced in a Guaranteed area of Origin". In the superior category are the wines known as Denominação de Origem Controlada (DOC), then wines which present the indication "Regulated Provenance" (IPR).